FMT stands for faecal microbiota transplantation. This is when poo from a healthy person is transplanted into the gut of someone else. Sounds crazy, but it could be lifesaving.
Our gut contains trillions of living microbes, what we like to call the gut microbiota. You may have heard that the gut microbiota is closely linked to many different diseases. Well, scientists are now trying to treat these diseases using the gut microbiota from healthy people.
What is FMT used for?
Currently, the only approved use of FMT is for treating Clostridium difficile infection. C diff is a nasty bacteria that can cause severe, and in some cases lethal, diarrhoea.
C diff can be very resistant to antibiotics, which leaves just one other treatment option – FMT.
Fortunately, FMT has an excellent success rate for treating C diff. Around 9 in 10 people with antibiotic resistant C diff are successfully cured.